August 27, 2010

Testware Development - Test Strategy

Before starting any testing activities, the team lead will have to think a lot & arrive at a strategy. This will describe the approach, which is to be adopted for carrying out test activities including the planning activities. This is a formal document and the very first document regarding the testing area and is prepared at a very early stag in SDLC. This document must provide generic test approach as well as specific details regarding the project. The following areas are addressed in the test strategy document.
Test Levels
The test strategy must talk about what are the test levels that will be carried out for that particular project. Unit, Integration & System testing will be carried out in all projects. But many times, the integration & system testing may be combined. Details like this may be addressed in this section.
Roles and Responsibilities
The roles and responsibilities of test leader, individual testers, project manager are to be clearly defined at a project level in this section. This may not have names associated: but the role has to be very clearly defined. The review and approval mechanism must be stated here for test plans and other test documents. Also, we have to state who reviews the test cases, test records and who approved them. The documents may go thru a series of reviews or multiple approvals and they have to be mentioned here.
Testing Tools

Any testing tools, which are to be used in different test levels, must be, clearly identified. This includes justifications for the tools being used in that particular level also.
Risks and Mitigation
Any risks that will affect the testing process must be listed along with the mitigation. By documenting the risks in this document, we can anticipate the occurrence of it well ahead of time and then we can proactively prevent it from occurring. Sample risks are dependency of completion of coding, which is done by sub-contractors, capability of testing tools etc.

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